When car accident injuries are severe, they may lead to paralysis. Loss of function may be temporary, but when damage is significant, it could result in a permanent state. Likewise, paralysis can be full or partial, meaning a total lack of muscle control versus partial control. Medical treatments mitigate the effects of serious injuries for some patients, but spinal injuries can also cause an indefinite state of paralysis, requiring lifelong management of symptoms.
How paralysis occurs
The condition may result from acute injuries occurring to certain areas of the body. This includes head and spinal cord injuries resulting from car crashes, which may disrupt signals between damaged body parts and the brain. Certain diseases and medical conditions also cause paralysis. In some cases, paralysis only affects certain limbs, while in others, paralysis involves the entire upper or lower half of the body. Localized paralysis impacts a specific area, while generalized paralysis causes effects in multiple areas.
Symptoms & complications
The most obvious symptom of paralysis is a lack of muscle control. People also experience a lack of sensation in the affected body part or parts. Complications of paralysis include incontinence, problems breathing, a higher risk of blood clots, trouble swallowing food and drink, circulation issues, and organ dysfunction. The exact symptoms and complications typically depend on the severity of the condition and where damage has occurred.
While there is no cure for paralysis, there are therapies used to manage the condition and restore full or partial function. Medical staff recommends occupational therapy when there are problems performing basic tasks and chores. This entails relearning things like dressing and grooming using new techniques to get around physical limitations. Physical therapy is also used to build muscle strength and improve balance and coordination. Physical therapy is often beneficial when a person experiences partial paralysis. A person is also taught how to use mobility aids and devices correctly when necessary.